Diego Velazquez de Silva (Sevilla 1599 – Madrid 1660 )
It is the genius of Spanish painting par excellence, and one of the History of Ancient Art , recognized and praised in all countries of the world, and several of the masterpieces of painting of all time , one need only remember ” Las Meninas “, ” surrender of Breda ( spears )”, ” the Rokeby Venus ” or the wonderful portrait of Pope Innocent X.
It appears , though not supported by all specialists who began their training in Seville in the workshop of the painter Francisco de Herrera “Old ” which could be a few months. His real learning took place in the studio of Francisco Pacheco , where he was at least six years . In its early days as a painter and called , his style was naturalistic, with a palette that could arise from the followers of Caravaggio , remember the ” Old Cooking Eggs ” and ” The Waterboy .” Box
In 1623 was in Madrid, and soon his genius was it recognized , I get a painter to the king and Aposentador Real, I traveled twice to Italy , taking in one more aulico and classical style , with that portrait to the Royal family, and much of of the Court, with a masterful technical mastery and an atmospheric effect rarely matched . I was honored and rewarded , as the King made him a Knight of the Order of Santiago , a great honor for anyone who was not born nobleman.
The table :
On his second trip to Italy , the painter , and universally known , I make this portrait of Pope Innocent X , Cardinal Giovanni Battista Pamphili before , to an aristocratic family of Umbria . A portrait of the reigning Pope , was a great honor for the artist supposed recognition of his genius , as well as the services to be solicited by the entire aristocracy of the Curia. The portrait , unlike the paintings carried out in Spain , reserved for the royal apartments or religious buildings , was shown from the beginning to all people, making it one of the best known and reproduced the world.
The classical composition , seated portrait with background of red curtains in position three quarters looking at viewer , refers to the classical genius of the Renaissance, such as Raphael and Titian. But Velazquez is not limited to a simple physiognomic resemblance , shows the psychology of the character, an old man, was 80 years old, unpleasant , looking where deconfianza , intelligence, stealth and an indomitable energy is concentrated. It is said that the Pope, who praised much the box when he saw it , his first comment was ” troppo vero ‘ ( too truthful .) -
The technique of Velazquez wonderful this patent on the entire surface of the picture, the brightness of his forehead and nose suggest sweat , tactile surface qualities are amazing . The colors around the canvas ? how many shades of red can be counted on the Pope ? surplice . In white skirt, seen up close you can count the strokes that seem neglected and placed randomly, but give fluffy feeling the distance. Sir Joshua Reynolds, the famous painter and first president of the British Academy , said it was one of the best portraits that had never painted , and thus has been considered from its realization .
I hope you like it.