Joseph Wright of Derby ( 1734-1797 ) :
English painter, whose nickname “of Derby”, is motivated by his birthplace. Chronologically his activity as an artist is part of the Neo, but a painter who was the recurring themes of this movement was not limited, as in addition to paint pictures of history and medieval themes, was a skilled portraitist, a good landscaper, and a skilled watercolorist.
But his most famous and celebrated pictures are reflecting interiors with figures, which showed the first experiments in physics and chemistry that developed in England at the time, coinciding with the Industrial Revolution. These scenes are original and unique in Europe at the time, so they have a great interest as documents of modernization that would change society in Europe.
Good painter, endowed with excellent technique and imagination, his painting, which until then had been more academic, after a two-year trip to Italy between 1773-1775, suffered the influence of Caravaggio, and to derive a chiaroscuro painting, very rich in contrasts.
The Table :
In it a group of young, a statue that looks very classic cut, two of them are drawing on their notebooks, and the largest of them, with several folders in hands seems to be explaining to the group shown the characteristics of the statue.
We can reasonably assume that this is a group of students of an Academy of Arts. The aspect neoclassical statues present in both the brightly lit, as in the torso of the man who is in darkness right woman. Also the subject of study of classical art refers to the period. But there is a principle of romantic feeling in the air of melancholy that pervades the actors.
The strong light falling on the scene from the upper left, the box full of contrasts of light and dark, giving an aspect of unreality to the scene. There are touches of warm, red, yellow and brown, that although dull in the dim light animate the surface. The drawing is firm and precise, and the composition is articulated in two parallel diagonal from left to right, crossed by a counterclockwise just in the head of the statue.