The Milkmaid of Bordeaux


-Goya_La lechera de Burdeos



Francisco Jose de Goya y Lucientes , ( 1746-1828 ) :

One of the most brilliant painters and printmakers of all time. He began studying painting at thirteen, in Zaragoza, in the studio of a local painter named Luzan. At seventeen he failed a competition in Madrid, at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando, returning to Zaragoza, and entering the workshop of Francisco Bayeu.
After a trip to Italy, married Josefa Bayeu, sister of his master.Recommended by his brother moved to Madrid, working in the manufacture of cartons in the Royal Tapestry Factory. It progressed rapidly, and in 1780 membership in the Academy of San Fernando. Protected by the new King Carlos IV, became the more successful PAINTER. AS prodigious portraitist, I represent many paintings to the most important people of his time, with unprecedented psychological penetration to date. How PAINTER camera also painted single and group portrait of the Royal Family.

His last years, bitter about deafness, the War of Independence, and the absolutism of Fernando VII, was exiled in France, and his painting became more dark and dramatic. He is considered the great pioneer” of pictorial movements that were later developed, their loose brushwork and passionate anticipate impressionism; its dramatic themes, as the black paintings are considered antecedents of Expressionism, and many of his prints of the Caprichos, also are considered precursors of symbolism.

The table :


It is a virtually unanimous opinion that this box next to the portrait of Jose Pio de Molina, are the last works of Goya, when the artist had already 81 years old. Specifically this “Milkmaid of Bordeaux” has been considered the “swan song” of the painter. 

? Because the title ¿,? which leads us to believe that this is a dairy, and no other worker ¿. In the lower left corner is the top of a pitcher, and body posture suggests that the person IS mounted on a quadruped. Apparently dairy in Bordeaux, milk distributed by the house in jars, and were mounted on mules and donkeys.

The treatment of light in the picture, concentrate on head wrap girl and reflections on their clothes, is magnificent. Security showing Goya in his brushwork, loose, fast and uncorrected, correspond to what stopped writing his friend Moratin, I visit those days, and he said: Goya is very arrogantillo, and paint that peels them uncorrected never painted anything. French critics have opined that this is the first Impressionist painting painted in France, 50 years before this move appeared.
I hope you like it.
A greeting.


Napoleon at the Battle of Eylau





Antoine-Jean Gros , ( 1771-1835 ) :



French painter who was part of the time and Neoclasica school because it was pupil of Jacques -Louis David , great master of French Neoclassicism and Europe , which have posted on this blog, the “Death of Socrates ” . Gros was the follower of the teachings of his master, and the most important neoclassical painter of his country following the death of him .

His specialty was the pictorial representation of battlefields, of which coincide with the Napoleonic era no shortage of topics. His compositions and rich colors , according to some authors anticipate Romanticism, and indeed was much admired for example, by the great Romantic Eugene Delacroix. Belong to the circle of the Emperor and being named official portraitist of the same in 1814 , was also the portrait of Napoleon’s aristocracy.

I travel to Italy, but not to Rome , staying some time in Genoa , where he could study the works of Rubens and Van Dyck that was in that city, and for some time that influenced his painting , giving a baroque touch that might have led after a certain romanticism that already mentioned , which corresponds to have been considered a temperamental painter.


The table :



The Battle of Eylau, took place between days 7 and 8 February 1807 , near the village of East Prussia (now the Russian town of Bagrationovsk ) between the French army commanded by Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte, and an army Russian Beningssen under General . The meeting was bloody , with no clear victor, and with a low between the two armies of 35,000 to 40,000 dead – . Marshal Ney to visit the battle field said ” That slaughter , without results.”

The box represents Gros , on the morning of 9th , the Emperor visiting the battlefield , surrounded by his entourage , passing among the wounded of the war. By the uniform of these injuries were known to both armies are represented , and Napoleon seems requesting attention to the wounded . The figure of the composition focuses Emperor , not only for their place on the canvas, but also by the light color of the horse that seems to radiate light.

The background landscape of the battlefield is magnificent , with rows of soldiers accentuating the perspective , and serving as a contrast with whiteness , the group in the foreground, that unless the horse Napoleon, and some touch of color, as plumes red headdresses , has a predominance of dark colors. Both the epic theme, and the attitudes of the actors, with their pathetic gestures anticipate Romanticism, and his taste for the dramatic.


I hope you like it.

A greeting.

The Fountain of Grace




Workshop Jan van Eyck (XV Century):

In the history of painting has always been the problem of the powers of works that either are not signed or no documentary evidence and testimonies, with which it can be said with some degree of certainty who is the author. In these cases, usually follow stylistic criteria for allocations, followers and workshops for teachers, or are named as “Master …. (Place or topic in the table).

In the present case, this table is in the Museo del Prado in Madrid, but two excellent copies in the Cathedral of Segovia, and the Allen Memorial at Oberlin (Ohio). The study that was donated by King Henry IV and is documented both the donation as the place where he settled. There have been many hypotheses about the authorship, since it is from the hand of the same master Van Eyck, until they are copies of other artists.


The table :


The action depicted is framed in a beautiful architecture reminiscent of a Gothic church, with strong vertical needles and gables typical of that style. It is also noted that the composition is divided into three levels. In the lower left represents our Triumphant Church, with the Pope, bishops and other clergy and prelates. On the right, we see the characters in the Synagogue, overcome by the true church, symbolized the defeat in the band that covers the eyes of the High Priest. Both are separated by the Source of Grace, which is floating in the waters of Holy Ways.

In the central body are groups of angels musicians and singers who worship God, located on his throne at the top flanked by the Virgin and St. John, writing his Gospel, God having to foot the Mystic Lamb. The figure of the Creator is framed in a beautiful Gothic temple. Under the spring lamb just born in the Source.

Below, both human types and composition, colorful, and great detail, is typically Flemish. It is curious to note that the outlook is empirical; God’s throne is seen from the front, while at the bottom, the checkerboard floor and stack of the source viewed from above without a proper perspective.

Hope you like it.

A greeting.

Madonna with Child




Filippino Lippi  (1457 – 1504 ) :


Italian Renaissance painter , son of the painter and also Carmelite friar Fra . Filippo Lippi and nun Lucrezia Bunti . He began his apprenticeship with his father, and this complete death of his teaching in the workshop , then more famous painter of Florence, Sandro Botticelli , so your painting in the early years has a major influence of his teacher, with a sinuous drawing , reproduction of transparent veils and sumptuous costumes , and a firm, precise line .

It was very famous and appreciated, protected by Lorenzo the Magnificent and other patrons, as Cardinal Carafa to compare him with Apelles , the most famous painter of classical Greece . He died young , at age 46 , and the day of his burial in Florence, all the workshops of the Via dei Servi, an honor that was reserved only for the most important people in the city were closed.

They were concluded its work in fresco, among which the conclusion of the frescoes of Masaccio and Masolino Chapel Brancaci in Florence in this city paints the Strozzi Chapel in the Church of Santa Maria Novella , and Rome conducted to Carafa Cardinal frescoes in the Church of Santa Maria Sopra Minerva .

The table :


Classic religious theme from all periods of art , depicting the Virgin Mary with her son Jesus in an interior, these consisted of the years of the Renaissance, through the open window the background is a Lodge with arches and capitals classical historian . We also have the right in the background a magnificent still life with a candle of a large tactile quality and a landscape out the window to the left .

The influence of his master Botticelli is evident in the sinuous lines of the robes of the Virgin, as well as in the physical types , a Child Jesus ruddy , and a Virgin Mary, whose face reminiscent of Boticelli ‘s Venus . The composition with the pyramid that forms the body of the mother whose mantle is opened to welcome his son, and the heads of both in parallel in the same direction , give a great balance to the picture.

In this painting Filippino uses strong colors , highlighted with a contrast flaming red of her bodice and the cold and saturated blue mantle . Smoother flesh tones are the faces andthe child’s body. His style ranges from vigorous drawing of Masaccio and Andrea del Castagno and soft sfumato in other tables.

Hope you like it .

A greeting.

Madonna and Child with angels


-Fra_Filippo_Lippi_ Madonna con el niño y angeles



Filippo Lippi ( 406-1469 ) :


Carmelite friar who was trained as painter Masaccio, and was greatly influenced by this in its early stages . Working mainly in Florence, although tanbien traveled to Padua , Venice and Prato. In 1467 began the frescoes in the Cathedral of Spoleto , but he died and the work was completed by his disciples .

Among the painters who formed his workshop as apprentices was which was then the best-known painters Sandro Botticelli Quatroccento . Also apredio with her ​​son after Filippino Lippi would be very famous . This son was the friar with a nun from her convent , Lucrecia Bunti , with whom he maintained a relationship for years well known in the city and the reason for scandal. I also had a trial at which he was accused of falsification of documents.

In the beginning his painting was characterized by presenting his characters with great force, rotund bodies and full of solemnity , even though sin a somewhat archaic simplicity . From 1437 his painting hand, attributed this change to their knowledge of Flemish painting , which was imported from Flanders, as the ” Portinari triptych ” of Hugo Van der Goes. There are more realistic , and the characters are humanized losing that solemnity .



The Table :


For me it is one of the most beautiful Madonnas painted in the Renaissance, to the point that I have a reproduction in the living room of my house. It appears that the model was the nun lover Fra . Filippo , Lucrecia Bunti . Two angels with their hands raised to the Child Jesus to the Virgin Mary with brooding countenance seems to think about the future of his son. One of the angels with mischievous smile looking to introduce viewers instantly.

In the background stands the rocky landscape , the window frame in pale colors gives it more depth. All shades are soft and blend perfectly warm browns of the rocks, and the pink of the flesh tones , with dark blue and cold mantle of the Virgin. The drawing is firm but soft and sinuous lines , and to detail the robes and headdresses betrays the Flemish influence .

We must emphasize the great veil detail of the head and shoulders of the Virgin. It is a sublime delicacy and transparency. This highlights the artist’s exquisite technique , applying a layer of very thin paint with a steady hand and great sensitivity, which reveals what’s under it but veiled by the thin fabric .

Hope you like it .

A greeting.


The minins

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Brothel scene






Frans Van Mieris the Elder (1635 Leiden – 1681 Leiden ) :



Artist assigned to the so-called school of Leiden, characterized by ” painting precision and finesse ,” whose maximum representative was Gerrit Dou , whom Van Mieris was his best disciple , to the point that his master Dou, I miss writing about him recognized him as ” crowned prince of my students .” Curiously not cite knows how many brothers did , is cited as ” one of the last twenty-three .”


It was very famous, to the point that although apparently never traveled outside Leiden, his clients had the Grand Duke of Tuscany Cosimo III , Archduke Leopold, who ask him to travel to Vienna , declining the artist ‘s invitation , or the Elector Palatine. They specialize in small format paintings with few figures, and a proprietary technique painters in Leiden, in which the brushstrokes are applied so small and so softly that almost can not be seen .


Also was a master in the representation of the fabrics, it is famous for its silks and satins . Their colors are usually stronger than their CONTEMPORARY , but seems to have no basis for believing that they are well used in the primer of the canvas gold leaf . His characters are often treated with humor, his paintings often show gender issues represents a certain rudeness . His children and a grandson inherited the shop, but never came to the Masters of the initiator.


The table :



Have been ascribed various titles, p.e.j. ” The Maiden and the soldier ,” but the more accepted lately is contained in this blog. It is a typical genre painting canvas and inside the Dutch Golden Age . Displays a room of a house of bourgeois type , with a spatial construction and composition , also widely used , with leading figures in the foreground , the light coming from the left, where it is assumed that there is a window and a door to background that reveals another couple in loving attitude .


The cold blue apron women contrasts with the warm red coat male , while the dress she shines the light that shines in boots beautiful silk skirt . There is a soft chiaroscuro, very typical of Van Mieris between foreground and background shadows but these shadows are not dense , gloomy as in painting, but also transparent and reflect light, but in a more subdued manner.


The concerned a brothel scene , shows him as a man has grabbed by the woman ‘s skirt , he smiles invitingly . There are several signs that tell us more than it is a pleasure house , top left on the shelf is a lute , which refers to the pleasure of the senses, and on the table that is located after the couple there is a sleeping man , we can assume that under the influence of alcohol consumed in the brothel . But the most rude painter reference to this situation in a couple of dogs copulating in the lower right.


I hope you like it.

A greeting.

Morfeo and Iris.





Pierre-Narcisse Guerin , ( 1774-1833 ) :



French classicist painter, pupil of the great Jacques Louis David , he specialized in paintings of the ” Great painting history ” was called ‘and mythological fables, and works of the great French playwrights of the time, particularly in Racine . This is a proper artist and very good technique , but without the genius of his master.


It was a scholarship to the French Academy in Rome , getting to be subsequently Director of the same . Returning to France , where for a time he was the official painter of the Emperor Napoleon . He returned to live in Rome in 1833 and died in that city the same year. His style was David’s heir , but with some baroque air, and above all feature in the treatment of light.


Passed his workshop as several of the most prominent romantic painters like Delacroix and Gericault apprentices, although none of them continuous with the style of Guerin , and developed his own personality. The feeling that is experienced with painting Guerin , like almost all Neoclasica , is a bit cold and too academic for my taste.


The table :


In the two mythological characters Hymns, better known as Morpheus, son of the goddess of the night Nix , representing the dream, and Iris , daughter of the goddess Hera courier exercised his mother is. Morfeo made ​​Iris appeared in a dream to Alcyone , to say that her husband Ceyx had died .


As you can see the technique Guerin is brilliant, literally , with polished surfaces reflect light you on the bodies and textures of fabrics and clouds . The bodies are slender and anatomically perfect , looking efebos adolescents . His gestures are affected and remind the Late Renaissance Mannerist .


The composition is very classical with two opposing diagonal lines an almost horizontal Morpheus and Iris almost vertical , but his right arm draws a parallel line with the body lying male . I think the best picture is his treatment of light that beautifully shapes the anatomy and bathed in a milky white color almost the entire canvas , contrasting with the darkness of the upper left.


I hope you like it.

A greeting.


Wardrobe cabinet


Johann Georg Hinz-- Armario con objetos curiosos




Johann Georg Hinz  ( Altona , ? 1630- Hamburgo 1688 ) :



This painter who spent his entire career in Hamburg, was the greatest exponent of painting still lifes of that region . Not much is known about his life , even if there is written that in 1668 you were granted civil rights as a resident of that city record , and in 1681 was awarded the title of “free master” of his pictorial art .


Do not miss work because Hamburg was a city with a major port, and a member of the powerful Hanseatic League , so the citizens of the village cadres in charge often artists , and among them were popular and still lifes that ” cabinet boxes ” were called , in which collections of rare and valuable objects were displayed , which was very fashionable .


By similarity and some of his paintings with still lifes called ” banketjes ” Painting Dutch Golden Century , is believed to have visited some cities in that country , namely Amsterdam and Haarlem , which influenced him in his compositions. His paintings on ” artistic shelves ” are unique in Europe painting of his time.



The table :



In it, the artist shows the interior of a ” wardrobe cabinet,” an illusionist technique, it seems that the cabinet and the objects represented ” depart ” from the wall instead of being painted . It is a masterpiece of optical illusion , a picture that simulates a shelf . All the picture is articulated by horizontal and vertical shelves of all spaces that define and contain objects .


As is logical , browns and ochres dominate timber shown , all animated by touches of color of red , white, green , etc. . The proportions and perspective are almost perfect , everything is measured and graphed think we can touch objects and feel their textures , which gives an idea of the ability of the artist to feel the tactile qualities.


With this representation , we can get an idea of how ” artificialia ” and ” naturalia ” were shown , ie collection objects created by man or by Nature . In this case we see in the center a glass ivory Danes could have belonged to King Christian IV , also necklaces of pearls and coral, shells, which were appreciated , jewelers etc . It should be noted that as a concession to the transience of life ( vanitas ) , a clock to remind us of the passage of time, and a skull , whose size seems to be a child is.


I hope you like it.

A greeting-


The horrors of war






Peter Paul Rubens (1577-1640 ).



Rubens is one of the geniuses of world painting , besides being a multifaceted man , since by its great culture and people skills as well as their language skills , we were commissioned several diplomatic missions , primarily by the Spanish Court , whose Corona belonged his native Flanders . Descended from a family of high Flemish bourgeoisie , although his father Jan, was exiled in Germany by his Calvinist ideas, so Rubens was born in Siegen city , and when his father died , the rest of the family returned to Antwerp , even worse economic situation .
Soon I feature as a painter after learning several artists’ studios in your city. I travel to Italy twice in 1600 and 1609 , absorbing the works of the masters . When he returned to Antwerp , entered the service of the ruling Archiduques Austrian Netherlands for the Spanish Crown. Married twice , first to Elizabeth Brandt , who died in 1626 , wedding with Helena Fourment Rubens who was thirty- six years younger than him. It was so famous and known who bought a castle – house, Het Steen , which a few years earlier would have been insolito for a painter .
Given his enormous fame and the large number of orders that had to meet was a great rodeo workshop with many assistants, some of whom became great and renowned painters , just need to quote Jacob Jordaens , Van Dyck , Frans Snyders and Jan Brueguel . Given the volume of work, in many cases, the teacher ran a sketch in oil , and oversaw the execution of the entire work , correcting and giving some brushstroke. If the contract specified , Rubens was to run his hand face of the sitter as well as hands .


The table :



In art have always used allegories to represent ideas or concepts, pej a lady with scythe shall transmit to the idea of death. Baroque art , which began serving the Counter , after the Council of Trent, made ​​extensive use of allegories , and among all Baroque painters , the great Rubens was no exception . The box in question, the artist wanted to represent mythological figures through the disasters that had brought to Europe the Thirty Years War .
In the picture the god Mars , with the bloody sword wielded , impetuous moves towards the tumult that represents the war. Nobody can stop you . Venus with hugs and pats is powerless to do so, after two a lady with the veil torn without your jewelry and raises his arms to the sky , is Europe suffering the war. The temple with the doors open can be Janus , another indication of the match . The Fury Alecto , who punishes moral offenses guide with a torch to Mars. Atop the Plague and Famine also accompany him .
People who tramples the God they are identified by their attributes with the arts , sciences , harmony , and the mother with the child symbolizes fertility and innocence violated. The painting in its composition , color and representation of figures and dramatic gestures are clearly Rubensians . Canvas encargadao and was sent to the Grand Duke of Tuscany , finding today in the Galleria degli Uffizi in Florence. Rubens in a letter to the Flemish painter Justus Sustermans , based in Tuscany, was telling . ” This lugrube woman, dressed in black stripped of all , Europe is unhappy, who has suffered so many years of Prey, humiliation and misery.” -


I hope you like it .

A greeting.